Columbus, GA Demographics

Population - Employment - Households - Income / Financial - Housing - Education - Marital Status - Means of Transport to Work - Median Income by Zipcode

What is the population of Columbus?

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There are 204,572 residents in Columbus, with a median age of 34.9. Of this, 48.38% are males and 51.62% are females. US-born citizens make up 91.77% of the resident pool in Columbus, while non-US-born citizens account for 5.86%. Additionally, 2.37% of the population is represented by non-citizens.
A total of 163,119 people in Columbus currently live in the same house as they did last year.
Y-o-Y Change
Total Population 204,572 0.1%
Male Population 98,973 -0.8%
Female Population 105,599 0.9%
Male population 48.38%
Female population 51.62%
Y-o-Y Change
Median Age 34.9 0.9%
Citizen US Born 187,738 -0.2%
Citizen not US Born 11,980 1.8%
Not Citizen 4,854 6.8%
Citizen US Born 91.77%
Citizen not US Born 5.86%
Not Citizen 2.37%
Y-o-Y Change
Moved from Abroad 1,780 -0.7%
Moved from Same County 20,392 -2.9%
Moved from Same State 6,928 -15.6%
Moved from Different State 9,934 -15.4%
Same House as Last Year 163,119 2.5%
Moved from Abroad 0.88%
Moved from Same County 10.09%
Moved from Same State 3.43%
Moved from Different State 4.91%
Same House as Last Year 80.69%

What are the employment statistics in Columbus?

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White-collar workers make up 78.2% of the working population in Columbus, while blue-collar employees account for 21.8%. There are also 5,821 entrepreneurs in Columbus (7.02% of the workforce); 55,200 workers employed in private companies (66.61%); and 15,909 people working in governmental institutions (19.2%).
Y-o-Y Change
White Collar 64,810 -0.1%
Blue Collar 18,064 0.6%
White Collar 78.2%
Blue Collar 21.8%
Y-o-Y Change
Self Employees 5,821 -2.1%
Private Companies 55,200 -2.2%
Governmental Workers 15,909 2.9%
Not for Profit Companies 5,944 19.3%
Self Employees 7.02%
Private Companies 66.61%
Governmental Workers 19.2%
Not for Profit Companies 7.17%

How many households are there in Columbus?

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There are a total of 79,856 households in Columbus, each made up of around 2 members. Family establishments represent 60.63% of these Columbus households, while non-family units account for the remaining 39.37%. Additionally, 31.76% of households have children and 68.24% of households are without children.
Y-o-Y Change
Total Households 79,856 1.7%
Average People Per Household 2 -1.2%
Family Households 48,417 2.5%
Non-family Households 31,439 0.5%
Family Households 60.63%
Non-family Households 39.37%
Y-o-Y Change
Households with Children 25,361 2.5%
Households without Children 54,495 1.4%
Households with Children 31.76%
Households without Children 68.24%

What are the median and average incomes in Columbus?

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The average annual household income in Columbus is $75,620, while the median household income sits at $54,561 per year. Residents aged 25 to 44 earn $56,766, while those between 45 and 64 years old have a median wage of $66,410. In contrast, people younger than 25 and those older than 65 earn less, at $35,135 and $39,706, respectively.
Y-o-Y Change
Average Household Income $75,620 8.0%
Median Household Income $54,561 8.0%
People below Poverty Level 36,606 -3.9%
People above Poverty Level 160,140 1.6%

How many homeowners and renters are there in Columbus?

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There are 90,488 housing units in Columbus, and the median year in which these properties were built is 1978. Of the 79,856 occupied housing units in Columbus, 49.51% are owner-occupied, while 50.49% have renters living in them.
Meanwhile, properties bought with mortgages account for 61.9% of the units, and the median value of a home with a mortgage is $189,200. In general, housing costs reach $1,025 per month in Columbus.
Y-o-Y Change
Housing Units 90,488 0.9%
Median Year Built 1978 0.0%
Built in 1939 or Earlier 5,308 7.5%
Built between 1940 and 1949 5,107 5.0%
Built between 1950 and 1959 10,948 -3.3%
Built between 1960 and 1969 12,815 -1.9%
Built between 1970 and 1979 14,044 -0.9%
Built between 1980 and 1989 11,185 4.1%
Built between 1990 and 1999 11,497 0.5%
Built between 2000 and 2009 12,395 -2.0%
Built between 2010 and 2019 6,895 9.0%
Built in 2020 or Later 294 114.6%
Y-o-Y Change
Occupied Housing Units 79,856 1.7%
Owner Occupied 39,535 3.8%
Renter Occupied 40,321 -0.2%
Owner Occupied 49.51%
Renter Occupied 50.49%
Y-o-Y Change
With Mortgage 24,471 3.1%
Without Mortgage 15,064 5.0%
Median Value with Mortgage $189,200 19.3%
Median Value without Mortgage $133,500 11.2%
Median Housing Costs per Month $1,025 8.2%
With Mortgage 61.9%
Without Mortgage 38.1%

What is the level of education in Columbus?

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Approximately 36.66% of the population in Columbus holds a high school degree (that's 56,390 residents), while 24.85% have attained a college certificate (44,367 locals) and 15.76% have a bachelor's degree (24,240 people).
Y-o-Y Change
No High School 5,111 0.5%
Some High School 56,390 1.4%
Some College 44,367 -2.4%
Associate Degree 13,700 5.7%
Bachelor's Degree 24,240 0.2%
Graduate Degree 16,146 9.8%
No High School 3.32%
Some High School 36.66%
Some College 24.85%
Associate Degree 8.91%
Bachelor's Degree 15.76%
Graduate Degree 10.5%

What is the marital status of Columbus residents?

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A total of 60,726 people in Columbus have never been married (which represents 37.53% of the total population), while 68,446 of them are wedded (42.3%). Separated and divorced residents are in smaller numbers, at 5,506 (3.4%) and 22,327 (13.8%), respectively.
Y-o-Y Change
Never Married 60,726 -0.8%
Married 68,446 0.7%
Separated 5,506 7.9%
Widowed 10,328 -0.5%
Divorced 22,327 2.7%
Never Married 37.53%
Married 42.3%
Separated 3.4%
Widowed 6.38%
Divorced 13.8%

What are the most common means of transportation in Columbus?

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The top three means of transportation people in Columbus use to get to work are: car, walking and bus or trolley bus. A total of 76,969 residents commute by car, 1,727 prefer going to work by walking and 700 by bus or trolley bus.
Y-o-Y Change
Car 76,969 0.6%
Bus or TrolleyBus 700 9.0%
Railroad 28 -36.4%
Ferryboat 12 -7.7%
Bicycle 321 -16.6%
Motorcycle 77 1.3%
TaxiCab 463 -16.6%
Walk 1,727 13.0%

What is the median and average household income in Columbus by zipcode?

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ZipCode Population Number of Households Median Income Average Income
31901 5,793 3,218 $39,865.00 $53,133.00
31903 20,404 7,781 $27,926.00 $37,735.00
31904 34,301 13,933 $62,089.00 $93,524.00
31906 20,227 8,612 $38,647.00 $67,017.00
31907 62,140 23,448 $53,099.00 $67,515.00
31909 39,578 16,017 $66,488.00 $80,184.00

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest U.S. Census Bureau release, the 2022 American Community Survey. The information is updated yearly, as soon as new data is made available by the US Census Bureau.
No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information modified or aggregated for specific neighborhoods and/or zip codes.

Zip codes included in this demographic data: 31901 31903 31904 31906 31907 31909

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