Demographics in Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay District, ON

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Thunder Bay?

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Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2021 108,835
Male population 53,505 49.2%
Female population 55,330 50.8%
Average age 43.7
Male population 49.2%
Female population 50.8%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 15,420 14.2%
15 to 24 12,730 11.7%
25 to 34 15,040 13.8%
35 to 44 12,420 11.4%
45 to 54 13,020 12.0%
55 to 64 16,380 15.0%
Over 65 23,825 21.9%
Under 14 14.2%
15 to 24 11.7%
25 to 34 13.8%
35 to 44 11.4%
45 to 54 12.0%
55 to 64 15.0%
Over 65 21.9%
There are 108,835 residents in Thunder Bay, with an average age of 43.7. Males make up 49.2% of the population, while females account for 50.8%. Locals over 65 years old represent the largest age group in Thunder Bay (23,825 individuals), followed by those aged 55 to 64 (16,380 people).

What is the marital status of Thunder Bay residents?

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% of Total
Married 37,580 40.2%
Common law 10,910 11.7%
Single 28,885 30.9%
Separated 3,200 3.4%
Divorced 6,200 6.6%
Widowed 6,640 7.1%
Married 40.2%
Common law 11.7%
Single 30.9%
Separated 3.4%
Divorced 6.6%
Widowed 7.1%
A total of 28,885 people in Thunder Bay have never been married (which represents 30.9% of the population). Wedded people in Thunder Bay (37,580 locals) account for 40.2% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 11.7% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 10,910 people).

What are the employment statistics in Thunder Bay?

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Unemployment rate 11.2%
% of Total
Management 390 0.8%
Business, finance and administration 7,775 14.9%
Natural and applied sciences 3,205 6.1%
Health 6,045 11.6%
Education, law, community and government services 8,475 16.2%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 1,035 2.0%
Sales and service 13,845 26.5%
Trades and transport 9,000 17.2%
Natural resources and agriculture 1,155 2.2%
Manufacturing and utilities 1,290 2.5%
Management 0.8%
Business, finance and administration 14.9%
Natural and applied sciences 6.1%
Health 11.6%
Education, law, community and government services 16.2%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 2.0%
Sales and service 26.5%
Trades and transport 17.2%
Natural resources and agriculture 2.2%
Manufacturing and utilities 2.5%
Thunder Bay has an unemployment rate of 11.2%. Regarding the most common jobs in Thunder Bay, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (13,845 individuals), followed by those in Trades and transport (9,000 individuals) and Education, law, community and government services (8,475 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Thunder Bay?

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% of Total
English 104,655 97.6%
French 1,925 1.8%
English and French 150 0.1%
Neither English nor French 455 0.4%
The majority of Thunder Bay residents (that’s 97.6%) speak English.

What is the median household income in Thunder Bay?

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Median household income $77,500
Median after-tax household income $69,000
The median household income in Thunder Bay is $77,500, while the median after-tax household income sits at $69,000 per year.

How many households are there in Thunder Bay?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 48,405
Owned households 32,765 67.7%
Rented households 15,640 32.3%
Owned households 67.7%
Rented households 32.3%

Household size

Average household size 2.2
% of Total
1 person 16,765 34.6%
2 person 16,960 35.0%
3 person 6,670 13.8%
4 person 5,385 11.1%
5 person 2,625 5.4%
1 person 34.6%
2 person 35.0%
3 person 13.8%
4 person 11.1%
5 person 5.4%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 8,330 17.2%
35 to 44 7,070 14.6%
45 to 54 7,675 15.8%
55 to 64 10,115 20.9%
Over 65 15,220 31.4%
Under 34 17.2%
35 to 44 14.6%
45 to 54 15.8%
55 to 64 20.9%
Over 65 31.4%
There is a total of 48,405 households in Thunder Bay, 67.7% of which are owner-occupied and 32.3% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Thunder Bay is 2.2 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (16,960 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (16,765 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is over 65 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Thunder Bay, at 31.4%.

What are the housing characteristics in Thunder Bay?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 8,130 16.8%
Between 1946 and 1960 10,645 22.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 7,930 16.4%
Between 1971 and 1980 8,600 17.8%
Between 1981 and 1990 4,975 10.3%
Between 1991 and 2000 3,935 8.1%
Between 2001 and 2010 2,200 4.5%
After 2011 1,990 4.1%
Before 1945 16.8%
Between 1946 and 1960 22.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 16.4%
Between 1971 and 1980 17.8%
Between 1981 and 1990 10.3%
Between 1991 and 2000 8.1%
Between 2001 and 2010 4.5%
After 2011 4.1%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 195 0.4%
1 bedroom 6,065 12.5%
2 bedrooms 12,175 25.2%
3 bedrooms 17,925 37.0%
4 or more bedroom 12,050 24.9%
No bedrooms 0.4%
1 bedroom 12.5%
2 bedrooms 25.2%
2 bedrooms 37.0%
4 or more bedroom 24.9%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 31,685 65.5%
Apartments 2,575 5.3%
Attached homes 13,925 28.8%
Movable homes 220 0.4%
Single-detached homes 65.5%
Apartments 5.3%
Attached homes 28.8%
Movable homes 0.4%
Median home value $300,000
Average home value $317,200

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 31,390 64.8%
Major repairs 3,655 7.6%
Minor repairs 13,370 27.6%
Regular maintenance 64.8%
Minor repairs 27.6%
Major repairs 7.6%
Single-detached houses account for 65.5% of the residential buildings in Thunder Bay. Apartments make up 5.3% of the Thunder Bay housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $300,000 and the average figure sits at $317,200. Of all the properties in Thunder Bay, 3 bedrooms units include 17,925 (the highest share) and 2 bedrooms units have 12,175 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (64.8%) and minor repairs (27.6%).

What is the education level in Thunder Bay?

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% of Total
No diploma 15,530 17.0%
High school diploma 25,180 27.6%
Apprenticeship diploma 6,260 6.9%
College diploma 22,040 24.2%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 1,645 1.8%
University degree 20,585 22.6%
No diploma 17.0%
High school diploma 27.6%
Apprenticeship diploma 6.9%
College diploma 24.2%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 1.8%
University degree 22.6%
Approximately 27.6% of the population in Thunder Bay has a high school diploma (that’s 25,180 residents). Thunder Bay locals holding a college diploma (22,040 people) account for 24.2% of the resident pool. Additionally, 22.6% of them hold a university degree (20,585 people).

What is the average commute time in Thunder Bay?

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Average commute time 16 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 34,820 88.5%
By public transit 1,500 3.8%
By bicycle/by walking 2,315 5.9%
By other methods 715 1.8%
By car, truck or van 88.5%
By public transit 3.8%
By bicycle/by walking 5.9%
By other methods 1.8%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 32,330 94.6%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 1,775 5.2%
Commute to a different province 90 0.3%
Commute within the same municipality 94.6%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 5.2%
Commute to a different province 0.3%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 20,910 53.2%
15 to 29 minutes 14,660 37.3%
30 to 44 minutes 2,195 5.6%
45 to 59 minutes 540 1.4%
More than 60 minutes 1,040 2.6%
Less than 15 minutes 53.2%
15 to 29 minutes 37.3%
30 to 44 minutes 5.6%
45 to 59 minutes 1.4%
More than 60 minutes 2.6%
Most employed people in Thunder Bay (20,910 individuals) travel less than 15 min to get to work, followed by those who commute 15 to 29 min (14,660 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Thunder Bay is 16 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Thunder Bay locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2021).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.

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