Demographics in Hamilton, ON

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Hamilton?

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Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2021 569,355
Male population 279,640 49.1%
Female population 289,715 50.9%
Average age 41.5
Male population 49.1%
Female population 50.9%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 91,240 16.0%
15 to 24 68,200 12.0%
25 to 34 81,855 14.4%
35 to 44 73,965 13.0%
45 to 54 70,820 12.4%
55 to 64 78,975 13.9%
Over 65 104,290 18.3%
Under 14 16.0%
15 to 24 12.0%
25 to 34 14.4%
35 to 44 13.0%
45 to 54 12.4%
55 to 64 13.9%
Over 65 18.3%
There are 569,355 residents in Hamilton, with an average age of 41.5. Males make up 49.1% of the population, while females account for 50.9%. Locals over 65 years old represent the largest age group in Hamilton (104,290 individuals), followed by those aged under 14 (91,240 people).

What is the marital status of Hamilton residents?

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% of Total
Married 216,485 45.3%
Common law 44,165 9.2%
Single 145,095 30.4%
Separated 14,455 3.0%
Divorced 29,890 6.2%
Widowed 28,015 5.9%
Married 45.3%
Common law 9.2%
Single 30.4%
Separated 3.0%
Divorced 6.2%
Widowed 5.9%
A total of 145,095 people in Hamilton have never been married (which represents 30.4% of the population). Wedded people in Hamilton (216,485 locals) account for 45.3% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 9.2% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 44,165 people).

What are the employment statistics in Hamilton?

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Unemployment rate 12.3%
% of Total
Management 2,910 1.0%
Business, finance and administration 45,445 16.1%
Natural and applied sciences 21,440 7.6%
Health 26,740 9.4%
Education, law, community and government services 34,650 12.2%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 8,770 3.1%
Sales and service 72,160 25.5%
Trades and transport 49,190 17.4%
Natural resources and agriculture 4,665 1.6%
Manufacturing and utilities 16,945 6.0%
Management 1.0%
Business, finance and administration 16.1%
Natural and applied sciences 7.6%
Health 9.4%
Education, law, community and government services 12.2%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 3.1%
Sales and service 25.5%
Trades and transport 17.4%
Natural resources and agriculture 1.6%
Manufacturing and utilities 6.0%
Hamilton has an unemployment rate of 12.3%. Regarding the most common jobs in Hamilton, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (72,160 individuals), followed by those in Trades and transport (49,190 individuals) and Business, finance and administration (45,445 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Hamilton?

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% of Total
English 545,085 96.7%
French 6,410 1.1%
English and French 2,195 0.4%
Neither English nor French 10,130 1.8%
The majority of Hamilton residents (that’s 96.7%) speak English.

What is the median household income in Hamilton?

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Median household income $86,000
Median after-tax household income $75,500
The median household income in Hamilton is $86,000, while the median after-tax household income sits at $75,500 per year.

How many households are there in Hamilton?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 222,810
Owned households 146,410 65.7%
Rented households 76,400 34.3%
Owned households 65.7%
Rented households 34.3%

Household size

Average household size 2.5
% of Total
1 person 62,110 27.9%
2 person 71,460 32.1%
3 person 35,325 15.8%
4 person 32,690 14.7%
5 person 21,220 9.5%
1 person 27.9%
2 person 32.1%
3 person 15.8%
4 person 14.7%
5 person 9.5%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 36,235 16.3%
35 to 44 37,845 17.0%
45 to 54 39,770 17.8%
55 to 64 45,975 20.6%
Over 65 62,990 28.3%
Under 34 16.3%
35 to 44 17.0%
45 to 54 17.8%
55 to 64 20.6%
Over 65 28.3%
There is a total of 222,810 households in Hamilton, 65.7% of which are owner-occupied and 34.3% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Hamilton is 2.5 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (71,460 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (62,110 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is over 65 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Hamilton, at 28.3%.

What are the housing characteristics in Hamilton?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 35,185 15.8%
Between 1946 and 1960 37,925 17.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 30,370 13.6%
Between 1971 and 1980 32,190 14.4%
Between 1981 and 1990 24,990 11.2%
Between 1991 and 2000 21,365 9.6%
Between 2001 and 2010 19,865 8.9%
After 2011 20,915 9.4%
Before 1945 15.8%
Between 1946 and 1960 17.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 13.6%
Between 1971 and 1980 14.4%
Between 1981 and 1990 11.2%
Between 1991 and 2000 9.6%
Between 2001 and 2010 8.9%
After 2011 9.4%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 1,710 0.8%
1 bedroom 32,400 14.5%
2 bedrooms 46,450 20.8%
3 bedrooms 87,970 39.5%
4 or more bedroom 54,285 24.4%
No bedrooms 0.8%
1 bedroom 14.5%
2 bedrooms 20.8%
2 bedrooms 39.5%
4 or more bedroom 24.4%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 125,130 56.2%
Apartments 36,465 16.4%
Attached homes 61,065 27.4%
Movable homes 145 0.1%
Single-detached homes 56.2%
Apartments 16.4%
Attached homes 27.4%
Movable homes 0.1%
Median home value $700,000
Average home value $752,000

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 153,550 68.9%
Major repairs 14,685 6.6%
Minor repairs 54,565 24.5%
Regular maintenance 68.9%
Minor repairs 24.5%
Major repairs 6.6%
Single-detached houses account for 56.2% of the residential buildings in Hamilton. Apartments make up 16.4% of the Hamilton housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $700,000 and the average figure sits at $752,000. Of all the properties in Hamilton, 3 bedrooms units include 87,970 (the highest share) and 4 or more bedrooms units have 54,285 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (68.9%) and minor repairs (24.5%).

What is the education level in Hamilton?

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% of Total
No diploma 80,780 17.2%
High school diploma 131,010 27.9%
Apprenticeship diploma 26,335 5.6%
College diploma 103,665 22.1%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 9,515 2.0%
University degree 118,490 25.2%
No diploma 17.2%
High school diploma 27.9%
Apprenticeship diploma 5.6%
College diploma 22.1%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 2.0%
University degree 25.2%
Approximately 27.9% of the population in Hamilton has a high school diploma (that’s 131,010 residents). Hamilton locals holding a college diploma (103,665 people) account for 22.1% of the resident pool. Additionally, 25.2% of them hold a university degree (118,490 people).

What is the average commute time in Hamilton?

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Average commute time 25 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 162,485 85.4%
By public transit 14,055 7.4%
By bicycle/by walking 9,925 5.2%
By other methods 3,815 2.0%
By car, truck or van 85.4%
By public transit 7.4%
By bicycle/by walking 5.2%
By other methods 2.0%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 111,255 69.8%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 47,935 30.1%
Commute to a different province 245 0.2%
Commute within the same municipality 69.8%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 30.1%
Commute to a different province 0.2%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 47,920 25.2%
15 to 29 minutes 76,225 40.1%
30 to 44 minutes 34,950 18.4%
45 to 59 minutes 14,965 7.9%
More than 60 minutes 16,215 8.5%
Less than 15 minutes 25.2%
15 to 29 minutes 40.1%
30 to 44 minutes 18.4%
45 to 59 minutes 7.9%
More than 60 minutes 8.5%
Most employed people in Hamilton (76,225 individuals) travel 15 to 29 min to get to work, followed by those who commute less than 15 min (47,920 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Hamilton is 25 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Hamilton locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2021).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.

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