Demographics in Ottawa, ON

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Ottawa?

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Y-o-Y Change
Total population 2020* 1,043,130 1.7%

Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2016 934,245
Male population 453,880 48.6%
Female population 480,365 51.4%
Average age 40.1
Male population 48.6%
Female population 51.4%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 155,680 16.7%
15 to 24 125,830 13.5%
25 to 34 125,375 13.4%
35 to 44 122,285 13.1%
45 to 54 139,180 14.9%
55 to 64 121,755 13.0%
Over 65 144,135 15.4%
Under 14 16.7%
15 to 24 13.5%
25 to 34 13.4%
35 to 44 13.1%
45 to 54 14.9%
55 to 64 13.0%
Over 65 15.4%
There are 934,245 residents in Ottawa, with an average age of 40.1. Males make up 48.6% of the population, while females account for 51.4%. Locals under 14 years old represent the largest age group in Ottawa (155,680 individuals), followed by those aged over 65 (144,135 people).

What is the marital status of Ottawa residents?

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% of Total
Married 366,365 47.1%
Common law 71,135 9.1%
Single 236,315 30.4%
Separated 21,015 2.7%
Divorced 46,000 5.9%
Widowed 37,735 4.8%
Married 47.1%
Common law 9.1%
Single 30.4%
Separated 2.7%
Divorced 5.9%
Widowed 4.8%
A total of 236,315 people in Ottawa have never been married (which represents 30.4% of the population). Wedded people in Ottawa (366,365 locals) account for 47.1% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 9.1% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 71,135 people).

What are the employment statistics in Ottawa?

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Unemployment rate 7.2%
% of Total
Management 58,875 12.4%
Business, finance and administration 87,355 18.3%
Natural and applied sciences 59,655 12.5%
Health 32,110 6.7%
Education, law, community and government services 78,820 16.5%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 17,800 3.7%
Sales and service 99,735 20.9%
Trades and transport 33,870 7.1%
Natural resources and agriculture 3,785 0.8%
Manufacturing and utilities 4,540 1.0%
Management 12.4%
Business, finance and administration 18.3%
Natural and applied sciences 12.5%
Health 6.7%
Education, law, community and government services 16.5%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 3.7%
Sales and service 20.9%
Trades and transport 7.1%
Natural resources and agriculture 0.8%
Manufacturing and utilities 1.0%
Ottawa has an unemployment rate of 7.2%. Regarding the most common jobs in Ottawa, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (99,735 individuals), followed by those in Business, finance and administration (87,355 individuals) and Education, law, community and government services (78,820 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Ottawa?

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% of Total
English 749,725 81.2%
French 138,900 15.0%
English and French 21,300 2.3%
Neither English nor French 13,445 1.5%
The majority of Ottawa residents (that’s 81.2%) speak English.

What is the median household income in Ottawa?

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Median household income $85,981
Median after-tax household income $73,745
The median household income in Ottawa is $85,981, while the median after-tax household income sits at $73,745 per year.

How many households are there in Ottawa?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 373,755
Owned households 245,470 65.7%
Rented households 128,285 34.3%
Owned households 65.7%
Rented households 34.3%

Household size

Average household size 2.5
% of Total
1 person 105,750 28.3%
2 person 124,280 33.2%
3 person 58,010 15.5%
4 person 55,215 14.8%
5 person 30,495 8.2%
1 person 28.3%
2 person 33.2%
3 person 15.5%
4 person 14.8%
5 person 8.2%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 71,085 19.0%
35 to 44 65,735 17.6%
45 to 54 81,180 21.7%
55 to 64 71,840 19.2%
Over 65 83,915 22.4%
Under 34 19.0%
35 to 44 17.6%
45 to 54 21.7%
55 to 64 19.2%
Over 65 22.4%
There is a total of 373,755 households in Ottawa, 65.7% of which are owner-occupied and 34.3% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Ottawa is 2.5 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (124,280 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (105,750 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is over 65 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Ottawa, at 22.4%.

What are the housing characteristics in Ottawa?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 27,640 7.4%
Between 1946 and 1960 38,115 10.2%
Between 1961 and 1970 49,675 13.3%
Between 1971 and 1980 64,700 17.3%
Between 1981 and 1990 62,065 16.6%
Between 1991 and 2000 44,490 11.9%
Between 2001 and 2010 59,390 15.9%
After 2011 27,675 7.4%
Before 1945 7.4%
Between 1946 and 1960 10.2%
Between 1961 and 1970 13.3%
Between 1971 and 1980 17.3%
Between 1981 and 1990 16.6%
Between 1991 and 2000 11.9%
Between 2001 and 2010 15.9%
After 2011 7.4%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 2,490 0.7%
1 bedroom 53,480 14.3%
2 bedrooms 77,030 20.6%
3 bedrooms 141,850 38.0%
4 or more bedroom 98,910 26.5%
No bedrooms 0.7%
1 bedroom 14.3%
2 bedrooms 20.6%
2 bedrooms 38.0%
4 or more bedroom 26.5%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 158,230 42.3%
Apartments 68,640 18.4%
Attached homes 146,085 39.1%
Movable homes 795 0.2%
Single-detached homes 42.3%
Apartments 18.4%
Attached homes 39.1%
Movable homes 0.2%
Median home value $400,148
Average home value $444,589

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 254,510 68.1%
Major repairs 19,980 5.4%
Minor repairs 99,270 26.6%
Regular maintenance 68.1%
Minor repairs 26.6%
Major repairs 5.4%
Single-detached houses account for 42.3% of the residential buildings in Ottawa. Apartments make up 18.4% of the Ottawa housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $400,148 and the average figure sits at $444,589. Of all the properties in Ottawa, 3 bedrooms units include 141,850 (the highest share) and 4 or more bedrooms units have 98,910 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (68.1%) and minor repairs (26.6%).

What is the education level in Ottawa?

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% of Total
No diploma 93,225 12.2%
High school diploma 183,110 24.0%
Apprenticeship diploma 31,325 4.1%
College diploma 152,105 20.0%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 14,955 2.0%
University degree 286,700 37.6%
No diploma 12.2%
High school diploma 24.0%
Apprenticeship diploma 4.1%
College diploma 20.0%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 2.0%
University degree 37.6%
Approximately 24% of the population in Ottawa has a high school diploma (that’s 183,110 residents). Ottawa locals holding a college diploma (152,105 people) account for 20% of the resident pool. Additionally, 37.6% of them hold a university degree (286,700 people).

What is the average commute time in Ottawa?

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Average commute time 27 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 300,865 68.4%
By public transit 90,685 20.6%
By bicycle/by walking 43,915 10.0%
By other methods 4,375 1.0%
By car, truck or van 68.4%
By public transit 20.6%
By bicycle/by walking 10.0%
By other methods 1.0%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 370,510 92.5%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 8,795 2.2%
Commute to a different province 21,170 5.3%
Commute within the same municipality 92.5%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 2.2%
Commute to a different province 5.3%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 87,280 19.8%
15 to 29 minutes 167,425 38.1%
30 to 44 minutes 108,735 24.7%
45 to 59 minutes 44,635 10.2%
More than 60 minutes 31,770 7.2%
Less than 15 minutes 19.8%
15 to 29 minutes 38.1%
30 to 44 minutes 24.7%
45 to 59 minutes 10.2%
More than 60 minutes 7.2%
Most employed people in Ottawa (167,425 individuals) travel 15 to 29 min to get to work, followed by those who commute 30 to 44 min (108,735 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Ottawa is 27 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Ottawa locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2016).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.
*Total population 2020 extracted from Annual Population Estimates.

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