Demographics in Montreal, QC

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Montreal?

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Y-o-Y Change
Total population 2020* 1,821,070 0.2%

Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2016 1,704,695
Male population 830,930 48.7%
Female population 873,765 51.3%
Average age 40.3
Male population 48.7%
Female population 51.3%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 265,785 15.6%
15 to 24 205,720 12.1%
25 to 34 283,920 16.7%
35 to 44 249,500 14.6%
45 to 54 222,710 13.1%
55 to 64 204,045 12.0%
Over 65 273,020 16.0%
Under 14 15.6%
15 to 24 12.1%
25 to 34 16.7%
35 to 44 14.6%
45 to 54 13.1%
55 to 64 12.0%
Over 65 16.0%
There are 1,704,695 residents in Montreal, with an average age of 40.3. Males make up 48.7% of the population, while females account for 51.3%. Locals 25 to 34 years old represent the largest age group in Montreal (283,920 individuals), followed by those aged over 65 (273,020 people).

What is the marital status of Montreal residents?

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% of Total
Married 478,480 33.2%
Common law 206,515 14.4%
Single 530,785 36.9%
Separated 30,350 2.1%
Divorced 114,570 8.0%
Widowed 78,210 5.4%
Married 33.2%
Common law 14.4%
Single 36.9%
Separated 2.1%
Divorced 8.0%
Widowed 5.4%
A total of 530,785 people in Montreal have never been married (which represents 36.9% of the population). Wedded people in Montreal (478,480 locals) account for 33.2% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 14.4% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 206,515 people).

What are the employment statistics in Montreal?

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Unemployment rate 9.3%
% of Total
Management 80,135 9.8%
Business, finance and administration 143,420 17.6%
Natural and applied sciences 72,020 8.8%
Health 56,530 6.9%
Education, law, community and government services 108,450 13.3%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 47,925 5.9%
Sales and service 203,825 25.0%
Trades and transport 65,815 8.1%
Natural resources and agriculture 3,300 0.4%
Manufacturing and utilities 33,250 4.1%
Management 9.8%
Business, finance and administration 17.6%
Natural and applied sciences 8.8%
Health 6.9%
Education, law, community and government services 13.3%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 5.9%
Sales and service 25.0%
Trades and transport 8.1%
Natural resources and agriculture 0.4%
Manufacturing and utilities 4.1%
Montreal has an unemployment rate of 9.3%. Regarding the most common jobs in Montreal, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (203,825 individuals), followed by those in Business, finance and administration (143,420 individuals) and Education, law, community and government services (108,450 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Montreal?

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% of Total
English 400,245 23.8%
French 1,097,345 65.3%
English and French 142,675 8.5%
Neither English nor French 40,645 2.4%
The majority of Montreal residents (that’s 65.3%) speak French.

What is the median household income in Montreal?

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Median household income $50,227
Median after-tax household income $44,737
The median household income in Montreal is $50,227, while the median after-tax household income sits at $44,737 per year.

How many households are there in Montreal?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 779,795
Owned households 286,430 36.7%
Rented households 493,365 63.3%
Owned households 36.7%
Rented households 63.3%

Household size

Average household size 2.1
% of Total
1 person 318,325 40.8%
2 person 231,615 29.7%
3 person 104,185 13.4%
4 person 81,550 10.5%
5 person 44,125 5.7%
1 person 40.8%
2 person 29.7%
3 person 13.4%
4 person 10.5%
5 person 5.7%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 181,890 23.3%
35 to 44 149,460 19.2%
45 to 54 141,760 18.2%
55 to 64 133,880 17.2%
Over 65 172,800 22.2%
Under 34 23.3%
35 to 44 19.2%
45 to 54 18.2%
55 to 64 17.2%
Over 65 22.2%
There is a total of 779,795 households in Montreal, 36.7% of which are owner-occupied and 63.3% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Montreal is 2.1 people. Of the total households here, those with 1 person living in them account for the largest share of the market (318,325 households), followed by establishments occupied by 2 people (231,615 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is under 34 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Montreal, at 23.3%.

What are the housing characteristics in Montreal?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 137,140 17.6%
Between 1946 and 1960 165,260 21.2%
Between 1961 and 1970 146,995 18.8%
Between 1971 and 1980 102,630 13.2%
Between 1981 and 1990 88,730 11.4%
Between 1991 and 2000 50,505 6.5%
Between 2001 and 2010 56,340 7.2%
After 2011 32,200 4.1%
Before 1945 17.6%
Between 1946 and 1960 21.2%
Between 1961 and 1970 18.8%
Between 1971 and 1980 13.2%
Between 1981 and 1990 11.4%
Between 1991 and 2000 6.5%
Between 2001 and 2010 7.2%
After 2011 4.1%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 13,690 1.8%
1 bedroom 242,290 31.1%
2 bedrooms 274,040 35.1%
3 bedrooms 190,235 24.4%
4 or more bedroom 59,535 7.6%
No bedrooms 1.8%
1 bedroom 31.1%
2 bedrooms 35.1%
2 bedrooms 24.4%
4 or more bedroom 7.6%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 57,130 7.3%
Apartments 110,475 14.2%
Attached homes 611,790 78.4%
Movable homes 405 0.0%
Single-detached homes 7.3%
Apartments 14.2%
Attached homes 78.4%
Median home value $380,419
Average home value $430,072

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 500,875 64.2%
Major repairs 62,350 8.0%
Minor repairs 216,565 27.8%
Regular maintenance 64.2%
Minor repairs 27.8%
Major repairs 8.0%
Single-detached houses account for 7.3% of the residential buildings in Montreal. Apartments make up 14.2% of the Montreal housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $380,419 and the average figure sits at $430,072. Of all the properties in Montreal, 2 bedrooms units include 274,040 (the highest share) and 1 bedroom units have 242,290 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (64.2%) and minor repairs (27.8%).

What is the education level in Montreal?

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% of Total
No diploma 248,130 17.8%
High school diploma 284,580 20.4%
Apprenticeship diploma 146,605 10.5%
College diploma 224,985 16.1%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 55,875 4.0%
University degree 437,705 31.3%
No diploma 17.8%
High school diploma 20.4%
Apprenticeship diploma 10.5%
College diploma 16.1%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 4.0%
University degree 31.3%
Approximately 20.4% of the population in Montreal has a high school diploma (that’s 284,580 residents). Montreal locals holding a college diploma (224,985 people) account for 16.1% of the resident pool. Additionally, 31.3% of them hold a university degree (437,705 people).

What is the average commute time in Montreal?

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Average commute time 30 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 379,070 50.1%
By public transit 276,625 36.6%
By bicycle/by walking 94,410 12.5%
By other methods 6,750 0.9%
By car, truck or van 50.1%
By public transit 36.6%
By bicycle/by walking 12.5%
By other methods 0.9%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 563,420 81.7%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 123,860 18.0%
Commute to a different province 2,600 0.4%
Commute within the same municipality 81.7%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 18.0%
Commute to a different province 0.4%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 110,440 14.6%
15 to 29 minutes 250,320 33.1%
30 to 44 minutes 220,825 29.2%
45 to 59 minutes 97,255 12.8%
More than 60 minutes 78,010 10.3%
Less than 15 minutes 14.6%
15 to 29 minutes 33.1%
30 to 44 minutes 29.2%
45 to 59 minutes 12.8%
More than 60 minutes 10.3%
Most employed people in Montreal (250,320 individuals) travel 15 to 29 min to get to work, followed by those who commute 30 to 44 min (220,825 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Montreal is 30 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Montreal locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2016).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.
*Total population 2020 extracted from Annual Population Estimates.

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