Demographics in Quebec

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Quebec?

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Y-o-Y Change
Total population 2020* 8,574,571 0.9%

Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2016 8,164,360
Male population 4,016,760 49.2%
Female population 4,147,600 50.8%
Average age 41.9
Male population 49.2%
Female population 50.8%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 1,333,255 16.3%
15 to 24 929,920 11.4%
25 to 34 1,010,910 12.4%
35 to 44 1,057,060 13.0%
45 to 54 1,138,860 14.0%
55 to 64 1,199,145 14.7%
Over 65 1,495,195 18.3%
Under 14 16.3%
15 to 24 11.4%
25 to 34 12.4%
35 to 44 13.0%
45 to 54 14.0%
55 to 64 14.7%
Over 65 18.3%
There are 8,164,360 residents in Quebec, with an average age of 41.9. Males make up 49.2% of the population, while females account for 50.8%. Locals over 65 years old represent the largest age group in Quebec (1,495,195 individuals), followed by those aged under 14 (1,333,255 people).

What is the marital status of Quebec residents?

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% of Total
Married 2,342,985 34.3%
Common law 1,501,160 22.0%
Single 2,010,580 29.4%
Separated 103,630 1.5%
Divorced 483,195 7.1%
Widowed 389,555 5.7%
Married 34.3%
Common law 22.0%
Single 29.4%
Separated 1.5%
Divorced 7.1%
Widowed 5.7%
A total of 2,010,580 people in Quebec have never been married (which represents 29.4% of the population). Wedded people in Quebec (2,342,985 locals) account for 34.3% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 22% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 1,501,160 people).

What are the employment statistics in Quebec?

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Unemployment rate 7.2%
% of Total
Management 408,440 10.3%
Business, finance and administration 650,840 16.5%
Natural and applied sciences 275,720 7.0%
Health 290,980 7.4%
Education, law, community and government services 489,010 12.4%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 127,090 3.2%
Sales and service 929,440 23.5%
Trades and transport 526,920 13.3%
Natural resources and agriculture 58,010 1.5%
Manufacturing and utilities 192,880 4.9%
Management 10.3%
Business, finance and administration 16.5%
Natural and applied sciences 7.0%
Health 7.4%
Education, law, community and government services 12.4%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 3.2%
Sales and service 23.5%
Trades and transport 13.3%
Natural resources and agriculture 1.5%
Manufacturing and utilities 4.9%
Quebec has an unemployment rate of 7.2%. Regarding the most common jobs in Quebec, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (929,440 individuals), followed by those in Business, finance and administration (650,840 individuals) and Trades and transport (526,920 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Quebec?

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% of Total
English 964,120 12.0%
French 6,750,950 83.7%
English and French 278,715 3.5%
Neither English nor French 72,775 0.9%
The majority of Quebec residents (that’s 83.7%) speak French.

What is the median household income in Quebec?

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Median household income $59,822
Median after-tax household income $52,207
The median household income in Quebec is $59,822, while the median after-tax household income sits at $52,207 per year.

How many households are there in Quebec?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 3,525,750
Owned households 2,163,735 61.4%
Rented households 1,362,015 38.6%
Owned households 61.4%
Rented households 38.6%

Household size

Average household size 2.3
% of Total
1 person 1,175,230 33.3%
2 person 1,227,765 34.8%
3 person 489,455 13.9%
4 person 426,250 12.1%
5 person 212,960 6.0%
1 person 33.3%
2 person 34.8%
3 person 13.9%
4 person 12.1%
5 person 6.0%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 617,560 17.5%
35 to 44 603,840 17.1%
45 to 54 682,285 19.3%
55 to 64 731,390 20.7%
Over 65 896,585 25.4%
Under 34 17.5%
35 to 44 17.1%
45 to 54 19.3%
55 to 64 20.7%
Over 65 25.4%
There is a total of 3,525,750 households in Quebec, 61.4% of which are owner-occupied and 38.6% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Quebec is 2.3 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (1,227,765 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (1,175,230 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is over 65 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Quebec, at 25.4%.

What are the housing characteristics in Quebec?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 401,725 11.4%
Between 1946 and 1960 492,770 14.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 491,450 13.9%
Between 1971 and 1980 625,310 17.7%
Between 1981 and 1990 503,495 14.3%
Between 1991 and 2000 369,020 10.4%
Between 2001 and 2010 438,380 12.4%
After 2011 209,515 5.9%
Before 1945 11.4%
Between 1946 and 1960 14.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 13.9%
Between 1971 and 1980 17.7%
Between 1981 and 1990 14.3%
Between 1991 and 2000 10.4%
Between 2001 and 2010 12.4%
After 2011 5.9%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 23,720 0.7%
1 bedroom 573,370 16.2%
2 bedrooms 1,100,315 31.2%
3 bedrooms 1,157,300 32.8%
4 or more bedroom 676,960 19.2%
No bedrooms 0.7%
1 bedroom 16.2%
2 bedrooms 31.2%
2 bedrooms 32.8%
4 or more bedroom 19.2%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 1,602,675 45.4%
Apartments 187,795 5.3%
Attached homes 1,717,685 48.6%
Movable homes 23,505 0.7%
Single-detached homes 45.4%
Apartments 5.3%
Attached homes 48.6%
Movable homes 0.7%
Median home value $250,302
Average home value $290,484

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 2,382,945 67.5%
Major repairs 227,040 6.4%
Minor repairs 921,680 26.1%
Regular maintenance 67.5%
Minor repairs 26.1%
Major repairs 6.4%
Single-detached houses account for 45.4% of the residential buildings in Quebec. Apartments make up 5.3% of the Quebec housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $250,302 and the average figure sits at $290,484. Of all the properties in Quebec, 3 bedrooms units include 1,157,300 (the highest share) and 2 bedrooms units have 1,100,315 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (67.5%) and minor repairs (26.1%).

What is the education level in Quebec?

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% of Total
No diploma 1,323,065 19.9%
High school diploma 1,426,985 21.5%
Apprenticeship diploma 1,120,735 16.9%
College diploma 1,165,515 17.6%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 236,260 3.6%
University degree 1,361,730 20.5%
No diploma 19.9%
High school diploma 21.5%
Apprenticeship diploma 16.9%
College diploma 17.6%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 3.6%
University degree 20.5%
Approximately 21.5% of the population in Quebec has a high school diploma (that’s 1,426,985 residents). Quebec locals holding a college diploma (1,165,515 people) account for 17.6% of the resident pool. Additionally, 20.5% of them hold a university degree (1,361,730 people).

What is the average commute time in Quebec?

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Average commute time 26 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 2,873,165 78.2%
By public transit 503,285 13.7%
By bicycle/by walking 259,975 7.1%
By other methods 36,010 1.0%
By car, truck or van 78.2%
By public transit 13.7%
By bicycle/by walking 7.1%
By other methods 1.0%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 1,732,155 52.2%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 1,522,565 45.8%
Commute to a different province 66,125 2.0%
Commute within the same municipality 52.2%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 45.8%
Commute to a different province 2.0%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 1,035,455 28.2%
15 to 29 minutes 1,200,455 32.7%
30 to 44 minutes 777,955 21.2%
45 to 59 minutes 343,540 9.4%
More than 60 minutes 315,035 8.6%
Less than 15 minutes 28.2%
15 to 29 minutes 32.7%
30 to 44 minutes 21.2%
45 to 59 minutes 9.4%
More than 60 minutes 8.6%
Most employed people in Quebec (1,200,455 individuals) travel 15 to 29 min to get to work, followed by those who commute less than 15 min (1,035,455 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Quebec is 26 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Quebec locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2016).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.
*Total population 2020 extracted from Annual Population Estimates.

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