Demographics in British Columbia

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of British Columbia?

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Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2021 5,000,880
Male population 2,457,515 49.1%
Female population 2,543,365 50.9%
Average age 43.1
Male population 49.1%
Female population 50.9%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 716,900 14.3%
15 to 24 548,340 11.0%
25 to 34 695,675 13.9%
35 to 44 673,090 13.5%
45 to 54 639,040 12.8%
55 to 64 711,475 14.2%
Over 65 1,016,365 20.3%
Under 14 14.3%
15 to 24 11.0%
25 to 34 13.9%
35 to 44 13.5%
45 to 54 12.8%
55 to 64 14.2%
Over 65 20.3%
There are 5,000,880 residents in British Columbia, with an average age of 43.1. Males make up 49.1% of the population, while females account for 50.9%. Locals over 65 years old represent the largest age group in British Columbia (1,016,365 individuals), followed by those aged under 14 (716,900 people).

What is the marital status of British Columbia residents?

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% of Total
Married 2,036,165 47.5%
Common law 427,970 10.0%
Single 1,202,625 28.1%
Separated 110,710 2.6%
Divorced 283,035 6.6%
Widowed 223,475 5.2%
Married 47.5%
Common law 10.0%
Single 28.1%
Separated 2.6%
Divorced 6.6%
Widowed 5.2%
A total of 1,202,625 people in British Columbia have never been married (which represents 28.1% of the population). Wedded people in British Columbia (2,036,165 locals) account for 47.5% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 10% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 427,970 people).

What are the employment statistics in British Columbia?

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Unemployment rate 8.4%
% of Total
Management 32,255 1.2%
Business, finance and administration 446,160 17.1%
Natural and applied sciences 209,185 8.0%
Health 199,185 7.6%
Education, law, community and government services 309,360 11.9%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 110,585 4.2%
Sales and service 666,705 25.6%
Trades and transport 469,450 18.0%
Natural resources and agriculture 72,075 2.8%
Manufacturing and utilities 88,155 3.4%
Management 1.2%
Business, finance and administration 17.1%
Natural and applied sciences 8.0%
Health 7.6%
Education, law, community and government services 11.9%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 4.2%
Sales and service 25.6%
Trades and transport 18.0%
Natural resources and agriculture 2.8%
Manufacturing and utilities 3.4%
British Columbia has an unemployment rate of 8.4%. Regarding the most common jobs in British Columbia, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (666,705 individuals), followed by those in Trades and transport (469,450 individuals) and Business, finance and administration (446,160 individuals).

What language is most spoken in British Columbia?

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% of Total
English 4,718,195 95.3%
French 56,495 1.1%
English and French 18,145 0.4%
Neither English nor French 158,820 3.2%
The majority of British Columbia residents (that’s 95.3%) speak English.

What is the median household income in British Columbia?

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Median household income $85,000
Median after-tax household income $76,000
The median household income in British Columbia is $85,000, while the median after-tax household income sits at $76,000 per year.

How many households are there in British Columbia?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 2,041,830
Owned households 1,363,190 66.8%
Rented households 669,450 32.8%
Other households 9,190 0.4%
Owned households 66.8%
Rented households 32.8%
Other households 0.4%

Household size

Average household size 2.4
% of Total
1 person 600,705 29.4%
2 person 719,865 35.3%
3 person 296,200 14.5%
4 person 256,700 12.6%
5 person 168,355 8.2%
1 person 29.4%
2 person 35.3%
3 person 14.5%
4 person 12.6%
5 person 8.2%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 340,175 16.7%
35 to 44 343,380 16.8%
45 to 54 354,340 17.4%
55 to 64 407,735 20.0%
Over 65 596,200 29.2%
Under 34 16.7%
35 to 44 16.8%
45 to 54 17.4%
55 to 64 20.0%
Over 65 29.2%
There is a total of 2,041,830 households in British Columbia, 66.8% of which are owner-occupied and 32.8% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in British Columbia is 2.4 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (719,865 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (600,705 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is over 65 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in British Columbia, at 29.2%.

What are the housing characteristics in British Columbia?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 112,495 5.5%
Between 1946 and 1960 143,685 7.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 196,280 9.6%
Between 1971 and 1980 354,410 17.4%
Between 1981 and 1990 289,940 14.2%
Between 1991 and 2000 336,315 16.5%
Between 2001 and 2010 287,030 14.1%
After 2011 321,695 15.8%
Before 1945 5.5%
Between 1946 and 1960 7.0%
Between 1961 and 1970 9.6%
Between 1971 and 1980 17.4%
Between 1981 and 1990 14.2%
Between 1991 and 2000 16.5%
Between 2001 and 2010 14.1%
After 2011 15.8%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 30,855 1.5%
1 bedroom 354,020 17.3%
2 bedrooms 569,180 27.9%
3 bedrooms 539,910 26.4%
4 or more bedroom 547,870 26.8%
No bedrooms 1.5%
1 bedroom 17.3%
2 bedrooms 27.9%
2 bedrooms 26.4%
4 or more bedroom 26.8%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 866,340 42.4%
Apartments 221,845 10.9%
Attached homes 902,550 44.2%
Movable homes 51,100 2.5%
Single-detached homes 42.4%
Apartments 10.9%
Attached homes 44.2%
Movable homes 2.5%
Median home value $785,000
Average home value $983,000

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 1,477,215 72.4%
Major repairs 119,195 5.8%
Minor repairs 445,425 21.8%
Regular maintenance 72.4%
Minor repairs 21.8%
Major repairs 5.8%
Single-detached houses account for 42.4% of the residential buildings in British Columbia. Apartments make up 10.9% of the British Columbia housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $785,000 and the average figure sits at $983,000. Of all the properties in British Columbia, 2 bedrooms units include 569,180 (the highest share) and 4 or more bedrooms units have 547,870 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (72.4%) and minor repairs (21.8%).

What is the education level in British Columbia?

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% of Total
No diploma 565,665 13.5%
High school diploma 1,238,000 29.5%
Apprenticeship diploma 323,635 7.7%
College diploma 711,810 17.0%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 161,600 3.8%
University degree 1,199,710 28.6%
No diploma 13.5%
High school diploma 29.5%
Apprenticeship diploma 7.7%
College diploma 17.0%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 3.8%
University degree 28.6%
Approximately 29.5% of the population in British Columbia has a high school diploma (that’s 1,238,000 residents). British Columbia locals holding a college diploma (711,810 people) account for 17% of the resident pool. Additionally, 28.6% of them hold a university degree (1,199,710 people).

What is the average commute time in British Columbia?

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Average commute time 24 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 1,497,765 79.9%
By public transit 174,045 9.3%
By bicycle/by walking 158,340 8.4%
By other methods 43,535 2.3%
By car, truck or van 79.9%
By public transit 9.3%
By bicycle/by walking 8.4%
By other methods 2.3%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 774,620 51.6%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 716,670 47.8%
Commute to a different province 8,920 0.6%
Commute within the same municipality 51.6%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 47.8%
Commute to a different province 0.6%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 595,470 31.8%
15 to 29 minutes 637,130 34.0%
30 to 44 minutes 369,645 19.7%
45 to 59 minutes 137,115 7.3%
More than 60 minutes 134,330 7.2%
Less than 15 minutes 31.8%
15 to 29 minutes 34.0%
30 to 44 minutes 19.7%
45 to 59 minutes 7.3%
More than 60 minutes 7.2%
Most employed people in British Columbia (637,130 individuals) travel 15 to 29 min to get to work, followed by those who commute less than 15 min (595,470 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in British Columbia is 24 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed British Columbia locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2021).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.