Demographics in Cape Breton Island, NS

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Cape Breton Island?

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Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2021 93,695
Male population 44,885 47.9%
Female population 48,810 52.1%
Average age 46.9
Male population 47.9%
Female population 52.1%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 11,750 12.5%
15 to 24 9,580 10.2%
25 to 34 10,100 10.8%
35 to 44 9,445 10.1%
45 to 54 11,420 12.2%
55 to 64 16,380 17.5%
Over 65 25,030 26.7%
Under 14 12.5%
15 to 24 10.2%
25 to 34 10.8%
35 to 44 10.1%
45 to 54 12.2%
55 to 64 17.5%
Over 65 26.7%
There are 93,695 residents in Cape Breton Island, with an average age of 46.9. Males make up 47.9% of the population, while females account for 52.1%. Locals over 65 years old represent the largest age group in Cape Breton Island (25,030 individuals), followed by those aged 55 to 64 (16,380 people).

What is the marital status of Cape Breton Island residents?

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% of Total
Married 33,870 41.3%
Common law 7,350 9.0%
Single 25,080 30.6%
Separated 3,100 3.8%
Divorced 5,530 6.8%
Widowed 7,025 8.6%
Married 41.3%
Common law 9.0%
Single 30.6%
Separated 3.8%
Divorced 6.8%
Widowed 8.6%
A total of 25,080 people in Cape Breton Island have never been married (which represents 30.6% of the population). Wedded people in Cape Breton Island (33,870 locals) account for 41.3% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 9% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 7,350 people).

What are the employment statistics in Cape Breton Island?

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Unemployment rate 19.5%
% of Total
Management 185 0.5%
Business, finance and administration 5,595 14.0%
Natural and applied sciences 1,465 3.7%
Health 5,225 13.1%
Education, law, community and government services 5,285 13.2%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 675 1.7%
Sales and service 12,180 30.5%
Trades and transport 6,785 17.0%
Natural resources and agriculture 1,355 3.4%
Manufacturing and utilities 1,205 3.0%
Management 0.5%
Business, finance and administration 14.0%
Natural and applied sciences 3.7%
Health 13.1%
Education, law, community and government services 13.2%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 1.7%
Sales and service 30.5%
Trades and transport 17.0%
Natural resources and agriculture 3.4%
Manufacturing and utilities 3.0%
Cape Breton Island has an unemployment rate of 19.5%. Regarding the most common jobs in Cape Breton Island, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (12,180 individuals), followed by those in Trades and transport (6,785 individuals) and Business, finance and administration (5,595 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Cape Breton Island?

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% of Total
English 91,480 99.1%
French 640 0.7%
English and French 65 0.1%
Neither English nor French 90 0.1%
The majority of Cape Breton Island residents (that’s 99.1%) speak English.

What is the median household income in Cape Breton Island?

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Median household income $62,400
Median after-tax household income $55,600
The median household income in Cape Breton Island is $62,400, while the median after-tax household income sits at $55,600 per year.

How many households are there in Cape Breton Island?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 42,315
Owned households 30,100 71.1%
Rented households 12,215 28.9%
Owned households 71.1%
Rented households 28.9%

Household size

Average household size 2.2
% of Total
1 person 14,055 33.2%
2 person 15,795 37.3%
3 person 6,430 15.2%
4 person 4,025 9.5%
5 person 2,015 4.8%
1 person 33.2%
2 person 37.3%
3 person 15.2%
4 person 9.5%
5 person 4.8%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 5,135 12.1%
35 to 44 5,170 12.2%
45 to 54 6,395 15.1%
55 to 64 9,500 22.5%
Over 65 16,105 38.1%
Under 34 12.1%
35 to 44 12.2%
45 to 54 15.1%
55 to 64 22.5%
Over 65 38.1%
There is a total of 42,315 households in Cape Breton Island, 71.1% of which are owner-occupied and 28.9% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Cape Breton Island is 2.2 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (15,795 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (14,055 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is over 65 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Cape Breton Island, at 38.1%.

What are the housing characteristics in Cape Breton Island?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 8,705 20.6%
Between 1946 and 1960 7,065 16.7%
Between 1961 and 1970 5,200 12.3%
Between 1971 and 1980 7,675 18.1%
Between 1981 and 1990 5,095 12.0%
Between 1991 and 2000 3,835 9.1%
Between 2001 and 2010 2,430 5.7%
After 2011 2,310 5.5%
Before 1945 20.6%
Between 1946 and 1960 16.7%
Between 1961 and 1970 12.3%
Between 1971 and 1980 18.1%
Between 1981 and 1990 12.0%
Between 1991 and 2000 9.1%
Between 2001 and 2010 5.7%
After 2011 5.5%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 100 0.2%
1 bedroom 4,345 10.3%
2 bedrooms 11,535 27.3%
3 bedrooms 17,900 42.3%
4 or more bedroom 8,435 19.9%
No bedrooms 0.2%
1 bedroom 10.3%
2 bedrooms 27.3%
2 bedrooms 42.3%
4 or more bedroom 19.9%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 31,105 73.5%
Apartments 215 0.5%
Attached homes 9,840 23.2%
Movable homes 1,155 2.7%
Single-detached homes 73.5%
Apartments 0.5%
Attached homes 23.2%
Movable homes 2.7%
Median home value $160,000
Average home value $183,600

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 26,360 62.3%
Major repairs 3,925 9.3%
Minor repairs 12,025 28.4%
Regular maintenance 62.3%
Minor repairs 28.4%
Major repairs 9.3%
Single-detached houses account for 73.5% of the residential buildings in Cape Breton Island. Apartments make up 0.5% of the Cape Breton Island housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $160,000 and the average figure sits at $183,600. Of all the properties in Cape Breton Island, 3 bedrooms units include 17,900 (the highest share) and 2 bedrooms units have 11,535 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (62.3%) and minor repairs (28.4%).

What is the education level in Cape Breton Island?

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% of Total
No diploma 15,235 19.0%
High school diploma 22,900 28.5%
Apprenticeship diploma 8,720 10.9%
College diploma 17,150 21.4%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 2,425 3.0%
University degree 13,830 17.2%
No diploma 19.0%
High school diploma 28.5%
Apprenticeship diploma 10.9%
College diploma 21.4%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 3.0%
University degree 17.2%
Approximately 28.5% of the population in Cape Breton Island has a high school diploma (that’s 22,900 residents). Cape Breton Island locals holding a college diploma (17,150 people) account for 21.4% of the resident pool. Additionally, 17.2% of them hold a university degree (13,830 people).

What is the average commute time in Cape Breton Island?

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Average commute time 18 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 26,915 91.9%
By public transit 560 1.9%
By bicycle/by walking 1,050 3.6%
By other methods 765 2.6%
By car, truck or van 91.9%
By public transit 1.9%
By bicycle/by walking 3.6%
By other methods 2.6%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 22,590 91.8%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 845 3.4%
Commute to a different province 1,170 4.8%
Commute within the same municipality 91.8%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 3.4%
Commute to a different province 4.8%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 13,575 46.4%
15 to 29 minutes 10,425 35.6%
30 to 44 minutes 3,755 12.8%
45 to 59 minutes 770 2.6%
More than 60 minutes 760 2.6%
Less than 15 minutes 46.4%
15 to 29 minutes 35.6%
30 to 44 minutes 12.8%
45 to 59 minutes 2.6%
More than 60 minutes 2.6%
Most employed people in Cape Breton Island (13,575 individuals) travel less than 15 min to get to work, followed by those who commute 15 to 29 min (10,425 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Cape Breton Island is 18 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Cape Breton Island locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2021).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.