Demographics in Calgary, AB

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Calgary?

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Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2021 1,306,785
Male population 648,835 49.6%
Female population 657,950 50.4%
Average age 38.8
Male population 49.6%
Female population 50.4%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 235,855 18.0%
15 to 24 151,855 11.6%
25 to 34 194,345 14.9%
35 to 44 210,845 16.1%
45 to 54 176,110 13.5%
55 to 64 160,360 12.3%
Over 65 177,405 13.6%
Under 14 18.0%
15 to 24 11.6%
25 to 34 14.9%
35 to 44 16.1%
45 to 54 13.5%
55 to 64 12.3%
Over 65 13.6%
There are 1,306,785 residents in Calgary, with an average age of 38.8. Males make up 49.6% of the population, while females account for 50.4%. Locals under 14 years old represent the largest age group in Calgary (235,855 individuals), followed by those aged 35 to 44 (210,845 people).

What is the marital status of Calgary residents?

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% of Total
Married 529,175 49.4%
Common law 95,665 8.9%
Single 313,900 29.3%
Separated 24,245 2.3%
Divorced 67,400 6.3%
Widowed 40,550 3.8%
Married 49.4%
Common law 8.9%
Single 29.3%
Separated 2.3%
Divorced 6.3%
Widowed 3.8%
A total of 313,900 people in Calgary have never been married (which represents 29.3% of the population). Wedded people in Calgary (529,175 locals) account for 49.4% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 8.9% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 95,665 people).

What are the employment statistics in Calgary?

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Unemployment rate 12.5%
% of Total
Management 8,910 1.3%
Business, finance and administration 135,315 19.2%
Natural and applied sciences 83,405 11.8%
Health 58,670 8.3%
Education, law, community and government services 77,125 10.9%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 20,330 2.9%
Sales and service 175,295 24.9%
Trades and transport 115,655 16.4%
Natural resources and agriculture 10,185 1.4%
Manufacturing and utilities 19,960 2.8%
Management 1.3%
Business, finance and administration 19.2%
Natural and applied sciences 11.8%
Health 8.3%
Education, law, community and government services 10.9%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 2.9%
Sales and service 24.9%
Trades and transport 16.4%
Natural resources and agriculture 1.4%
Manufacturing and utilities 2.8%
Calgary has an unemployment rate of 12.5%. Regarding the most common jobs in Calgary, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (175,295 individuals), followed by those in Business, finance and administration (135,315 individuals) and Trades and transport (115,655 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Calgary?

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% of Total
English 1,240,980 95.8%
French 16,810 1.3%
English and French 6,620 0.5%
Neither English nor French 31,705 2.4%
The majority of Calgary residents (that’s 95.8%) speak English.

What is the median household income in Calgary?

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Median household income $98,000
Median after-tax household income $85,000
The median household income in Calgary is $98,000, while the median after-tax household income sits at $85,000 per year.

How many households are there in Calgary?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 502,305
Owned households 345,690 68.8%
Rented households 156,615 31.2%
Owned households 68.8%
Rented households 31.2%

Household size

Average household size 2.6
% of Total
1 person 132,695 26.4%
2 person 159,955 31.8%
3 person 80,020 15.9%
4 person 79,565 15.8%
5 person 50,070 10.0%
1 person 26.4%
2 person 31.8%
3 person 15.9%
4 person 15.8%
5 person 10.0%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 97,105 19.3%
35 to 44 110,705 22.0%
45 to 54 100,130 19.9%
55 to 64 93,305 18.6%
Over 65 101,065 20.1%
Under 34 19.3%
35 to 44 22.0%
45 to 54 19.9%
55 to 64 18.6%
Over 65 20.1%
There is a total of 502,305 households in Calgary, 68.8% of which are owner-occupied and 31.2% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Calgary is 2.6 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (159,955 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (132,695 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is 35 to 44 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Calgary, at 22%.

What are the housing characteristics in Calgary?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 11,740 2.3%
Between 1946 and 1960 32,115 6.4%
Between 1961 and 1970 45,485 9.1%
Between 1971 and 1980 87,540 17.4%
Between 1981 and 1990 59,780 11.9%
Between 1991 and 2000 75,685 15.1%
Between 2001 and 2010 98,055 19.5%
After 2011 91,900 18.3%
Before 1945 2.3%
Between 1946 and 1960 6.4%
Between 1961 and 1970 9.1%
Between 1971 and 1980 17.4%
Between 1981 and 1990 11.9%
Between 1991 and 2000 15.1%
Between 2001 and 2010 19.5%
After 2011 18.3%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 2,920 0.6%
1 bedroom 59,385 11.8%
2 bedrooms 116,625 23.2%
3 bedrooms 167,895 33.4%
4 or more bedroom 155,480 31.0%
No bedrooms 0.6%
1 bedroom 11.8%
2 bedrooms 23.2%
2 bedrooms 33.4%
4 or more bedroom 31.0%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 276,050 55.0%
Apartments 40,700 8.1%
Attached homes 183,755 36.6%
Movable homes 1,790 0.4%
Single-detached homes 55.0%
Apartments 8.1%
Attached homes 36.6%
Movable homes 0.4%
Median home value $456,000
Average home value $519,500

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 368,155 73.3%
Major repairs 22,780 4.5%
Minor repairs 111,370 22.2%
Regular maintenance 73.3%
Minor repairs 22.2%
Major repairs 4.5%
Single-detached houses account for 55% of the residential buildings in Calgary. Apartments make up 8.1% of the Calgary housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $456,000 and the average figure sits at $519,500. Of all the properties in Calgary, 3 bedrooms units include 167,895 (the highest share) and 4 or more bedrooms units have 155,480 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (73.3%) and minor repairs (22.2%).

What is the education level in Calgary?

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% of Total
No diploma 134,565 12.7%
High school diploma 273,135 25.9%
Apprenticeship diploma 62,155 5.9%
College diploma 172,905 16.4%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 36,020 3.4%
University degree 377,450 35.7%
No diploma 12.7%
High school diploma 25.9%
Apprenticeship diploma 5.9%
College diploma 16.4%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 3.4%
University degree 35.7%
Approximately 25.9% of the population in Calgary has a high school diploma (that’s 273,135 residents). Calgary locals holding a college diploma (172,905 people) account for 16.4% of the resident pool. Additionally, 35.7% of them hold a university degree (377,450 people).

What is the average commute time in Calgary?

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Average commute time 24 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 378,085 83.2%
By public transit 39,905 8.8%
By bicycle/by walking 23,150 5.1%
By other methods 13,035 2.9%
By car, truck or van 83.2%
By public transit 8.8%
By bicycle/by walking 5.1%
By other methods 2.9%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 332,545 91.2%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 28,775 7.9%
Commute to a different province 3,200 0.9%
Commute within the same municipality 91.2%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 7.9%
Commute to a different province 0.9%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 97,610 21.5%
15 to 29 minutes 213,150 46.9%
30 to 44 minutes 99,695 22.0%
45 to 59 minutes 20,845 4.6%
More than 60 minutes 22,870 5.0%
Less than 15 minutes 21.5%
15 to 29 minutes 46.9%
30 to 44 minutes 22.0%
45 to 59 minutes 4.6%
More than 60 minutes 5.0%
Most employed people in Calgary (213,150 individuals) travel 15 to 29 min to get to work, followed by those who commute 30 to 44 min (99,695 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Calgary is 24 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Calgary locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2021).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.

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