Demographics in Calgary, AB

Population Marital Status Employment Spoken Language Median Income Households Housing Education Commute Time

What is the population of Calgary?

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Y-o-Y Change
Total population 2020* 1,361,852 1.8%

Population by gender

% of Total
Total population 2016 1,239,225
Male population 618,245 49.9%
Female population 620,980 50.1%
Average age 37.6
Male population 49.9%
Female population 50.1%

Population by age group

% of Total
Under 14 226,975 18.3%
15 to 24 148,370 12.0%
25 to 34 209,580 16.9%
35 to 44 193,805 15.6%
45 to 54 174,705 14.1%
55 to 64 147,380 11.9%
Over 65 138,400 11.2%
Under 14 18.3%
15 to 24 12.0%
25 to 34 16.9%
35 to 44 15.6%
45 to 54 14.1%
55 to 64 11.9%
Over 65 11.2%
There are 1,239,225 residents in Calgary, with an average age of 37.6. Males make up 49.9% of the population, while females account for 50.1%. Locals under 14 years old represent the largest age group in Calgary (226,975 individuals), followed by those aged 25 to 34 (209,580 people).

What is the marital status of Calgary residents?

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% of Total
Married 506,625 50.0%
Common law 90,005 8.9%
Single 293,195 29.0%
Separated 22,285 2.2%
Divorced 62,270 6.2%
Widowed 37,860 3.7%
Married 50.0%
Common law 8.9%
Single 29.0%
Separated 2.2%
Divorced 6.2%
Widowed 3.7%
A total of 293,195 people in Calgary have never been married (which represents 29% of the population). Wedded people in Calgary (506,625 locals) account for 50% of the resident pool. Meanwhile, approximately 8.9% of locals live common law (that’s a total of 90,005 people).

What are the employment statistics in Calgary?

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Unemployment rate 9.5%
% of Total
Management 74,525 11.3%
Business, finance and administration 117,340 17.8%
Natural and applied sciences 70,650 10.7%
Health 45,755 6.9%
Education, law, community and government services 69,380 10.5%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 17,595 2.7%
Sales and service 151,255 23.0%
Trades and transport 89,195 13.5%
Natural resources and agriculture 8,155 1.2%
Manufacturing and utilities 15,160 2.3%
Management 11.3%
Business, finance and administration 17.8%
Natural and applied sciences 10.7%
Health 6.9%
Education, law, community and government services 10.5%
Art, culture, recreation and sport 2.7%
Sales and service 23.0%
Trades and transport 13.5%
Natural resources and agriculture 1.2%
Manufacturing and utilities 2.3%
Calgary has an unemployment rate of 9.5%. Regarding the most common jobs in Calgary, people working in Sales and service account for the largest share of the local workforce (151,255 individuals), followed by those in Business, finance and administration (117,340 individuals) and Trades and transport (89,195 individuals).

What language is most spoken in Calgary?

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% of Total
English 1,172,985 95.5%
French 18,970 1.5%
English and French 7,405 0.6%
Neither English nor French 28,635 2.3%
The majority of Calgary residents (that’s 95.5%) speak English.

What is the median household income in Calgary?

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Median household income $97,334
Median after-tax household income $83,074
The median household income in Calgary is $97,334, while the median after-tax household income sits at $83,074 per year.

How many households are there in Calgary?

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Homeownership

% of Total
Total households 466,740
Owned households 333,465 71.4%
Rented households 133,275 28.6%
Owned households 71.4%
Rented households 28.6%

Household size

Average household size 2.6
% of Total
1 person 114,190 24.5%
2 person 150,820 32.3%
3 person 78,490 16.8%
4 person 75,335 16.1%
5 person 47,895 10.3%
1 person 24.5%
2 person 32.3%
3 person 16.8%
4 person 16.1%
5 person 10.3%

Households by age of primary maintainer

% of Total
Under 34 103,465 22.2%
35 to 44 101,440 21.7%
45 to 54 99,335 21.3%
55 to 64 85,310 18.3%
Over 65 77,185 16.5%
Under 34 22.2%
35 to 44 21.7%
45 to 54 21.3%
55 to 64 18.3%
Over 65 16.5%
There is a total of 466,740 households in Calgary, 71.4% of which are owner-occupied and 28.6% of which have renters living in them. Meanwhile, the average household size in Calgary is 2.6 people. Of the total households here, those with 2 people living in them account for the largest share of the market (150,820 households), followed by establishments occupied by 1 person (114,190 households). Moreover, families whose primary maintainer is under 34 years old represent the largest percentage of the total households in Calgary, at 22.2%.

What are the housing characteristics in Calgary?

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Year built

% of Total
Before 1945 11,740 2.5%
Between 1946 and 1960 34,735 7.4%
Between 1961 and 1970 46,795 10.0%
Between 1971 and 1980 89,740 19.2%
Between 1981 and 1990 60,930 13.0%
Between 1991 and 2000 73,405 15.7%
Between 2001 and 2010 102,625 22.0%
After 2011 46,765 10.0%
Before 1945 2.5%
Between 1946 and 1960 7.4%
Between 1961 and 1970 10.0%
Between 1971 and 1980 19.2%
Between 1981 and 1990 13.0%
Between 1991 and 2000 15.7%
Between 2001 and 2010 22.0%
After 2011 10.0%

No. of bedrooms

% of Total
No bedrooms 1,765 0.4%
1 bedroom 50,705 10.9%
2 bedrooms 105,050 22.5%
3 bedrooms 163,595 35.0%
4 or more bedroom 145,620 31.2%
No bedrooms 0.4%
1 bedroom 10.9%
2 bedrooms 22.5%
2 bedrooms 35.0%
4 or more bedroom 31.2%

Property type

% of Total
Single-detached homes 262,950 56.3%
Apartments 32,885 7.0%
Attached homes 168,860 36.2%
Movable homes 2,035 0.4%
Single-detached homes 56.3%
Apartments 7.0%
Attached homes 36.2%
Movable homes 0.4%
Median home value $450,338
Average home value $518,143

Home improvement needed

% of Total
Regular maintenance 343,100 73.5%
Major repairs 20,100 4.3%
Minor repairs 103,540 22.2%
Regular maintenance 73.5%
Minor repairs 22.2%
Major repairs 4.3%
Single-detached houses account for 56.3% of the residential buildings in Calgary. Apartments make up 7% of the Calgary housing market. Meanwhile, the median home value here is $450,338 and the average figure sits at $518,143. Of all the properties in Calgary, 3 bedrooms units include 163,595 (the highest share) and 4 or more bedrooms units have 145,620 (second-highest share). Notably, when it comes to the condition of these homes, most of them require regular maintenance (73.5%) and minor repairs (22.2%).

What is the education level in Calgary?

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% of Total
No diploma 134,625 13.5%
High school diploma 257,270 25.8%
Apprenticeship diploma 65,530 6.6%
College diploma 175,835 17.6%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 31,730 3.2%
University degree 331,135 33.2%
No diploma 13.5%
High school diploma 25.8%
Apprenticeship diploma 6.6%
College diploma 17.6%
University diploma (below bachelor level) 3.2%
University degree 33.2%
Approximately 25.8% of the population in Calgary has a high school diploma (that’s 257,270 residents). Calgary locals holding a college diploma (175,835 people) account for 17.6% of the resident pool. Additionally, 33.2% of them hold a university degree (331,135 people).

What is the average commute time in Calgary?

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Average commute time 26 min

Commuting mode

% of Total
By car, truck or van 465,795 76.2%
By public transit 96,575 15.8%
By bicycle/by walking 40,135 6.6%
By other methods 8,860 1.4%
By car, truck or van 76.2%
By public transit 15.8%
By bicycle/by walking 6.6%
By other methods 1.4%

Commuting destinations

% of Total
Commute within the same municipality 490,135 93.9%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 28,770 5.5%
Commute to a different province 3,030 0.6%
Commute within the same municipality 93.9%
Commute to another municipality within the same province 5.5%
Commute to a different province 0.6%

Commuting duration

% of Total
Less than 15 minutes 105,535 17.3%
15 to 29 minutes 256,760 42.0%
30 to 44 minutes 161,785 26.5%
45 to 59 minutes 50,830 8.3%
More than 60 minutes 36,465 6.0%
Less than 15 minutes 17.3%
15 to 29 minutes 42.0%
30 to 44 minutes 26.5%
45 to 59 minutes 8.3%
More than 60 minutes 6.0%
Most employed people in Calgary (256,760 individuals) travel 15 to 29 min to get to work, followed by those who commute 30 to 44 min (161,785 individuals). All in all, the average commute time in Calgary is 26 min. The preferred commuting mode here is by car, truck or van and most employed Calgary locals commute within the same municipality to get to work.

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest census data from Statistics Canada (2016).
Census aggregated data represented here is extracted from Data Tables, by topic, at census subdivision area level. Differences may be found between the totals of the various categories due to multiple variables.
The information is updated as soon as new data is made available. No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information.
*Total population 2020 extracted from Annual Population Estimates.

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