District of Columbia Demographics

Population - Employment - Households - Income / Financial - Housing - Education - Marital Status - Means of Transport to Work

What is the population of District of Columbia?

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There are 683,154 residents in District of Columbia, with a median age of 34.3. Of this, 47.65% are males and 52.35% are females. US-born citizens make up 84.26% of the resident pool in District of Columbia, while non-US-born citizens account for 8.54%. Additionally, 7.2% of the population is represented by non-citizens.
A total of 543,400 people in District of Columbia currently live in the same house as they did last year.
Y-o-Y Change
Total Population 683,154 -2.7%
Male Population 325,490 -2.3%
Female Population 357,664 -3.0%
Male population 47.65%
Female population 52.35%
Y-o-Y Change
Median Age 34.3 0.6%
Citizen US Born 575,607 -2.8%
Citizen not US Born 58,374 -0.4%
Not Citizen 49,173 -4.0%
Citizen US Born 84.26%
Citizen not US Born 8.54%
Not Citizen 7.2%
Y-o-Y Change
Moved from Abroad 9,241 -8.2%
Moved from Same County 68,557 2.2%
Moved from Different State 53,897 -4.9%
Same House as Last Year 543,400 -2.9%
Moved from Abroad 1.37%
Moved from Same County 10.16%
Moved from Different State 7.98%
Same House as Last Year 80.49%

What are the employment statistics in District of Columbia?

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White-collar workers make up 94.17% of the working population in District of Columbia, while blue-collar employees account for 5.83%. There are also 29,936 entrepreneurs in District of Columbia (8% of the workforce); 176,565 workers employed in private companies (47.21%); and 94,397 people working in governmental institutions (25.24%).
Y-o-Y Change
White Collar 352,183 -1.5%
Blue Collar 21,784 -10.7%
White Collar 94.17%
Blue Collar 5.83%
Y-o-Y Change
Self Employees 29,936 2.5%
Private Companies 176,565 -3.5%
Governmental Workers 94,397 -0.4%
Not for Profit Companies 73,069 -2.7%
Self Employees 8%
Private Companies 47.21%
Governmental Workers 25.24%
Not for Profit Companies 19.54%

How many households are there in District of Columbia?

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There are a total of 310,104 households in District of Columbia, each made up of around 2 members. Family establishments represent 42.31% of these District of Columbia households, while non-family units account for the remaining 57.69%. Additionally, 20.02% of households have children and 79.98% of households are without children.
Y-o-Y Change
Total Households 310,104 7.6%
Average People Per Household 2 -9.6%
Family Households 131,196 6.2%
Non-family Households 178,908 8.6%
Family Households 42.31%
Non-family Households 57.69%
Y-o-Y Change
Households with Children 62,069 6.1%
Households without Children 248,035 7.9%
Households with Children 20.02%
Households without Children 79.98%

What are the median and average incomes in District of Columbia?

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The average annual household income in District of Columbia is $138,421, while the median household income sits at $93,547 per year. Residents aged 25 to 44 earn $109,135, while those between 45 and 64 years old have a median wage of $97,226. In contrast, people younger than 25 and those older than 65 earn less, at $46,853 and $64,232, respectively.
Y-o-Y Change
Average Household Income $138,421 3.6%
Median Household Income $93,547 3.0%
People below Poverty Level 98,976 -2.8%
People above Poverty Level 544,813 -2.5%

How many homeowners and renters are there in District of Columbia?

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There are 344,306 housing units in District of Columbia, and the median year in which these properties were built is 1955. Of the 310,104 occupied housing units in District of Columbia, 41.51% are owner-occupied, while 58.49% have renters living in them.
Meanwhile, properties bought with mortgages account for 75.95% of the units, and the median value of a home with a mortgage is $636,600. In general, housing costs reach $1,856 per month in District of Columbia.
Y-o-Y Change
Housing Units 344,306 7.9%
Median Year Built 1955 0.1%
Built in 1939 or Earlier 113,235 5.5%
Built between 1940 and 1949 37,350 3.9%
Built between 1950 and 1959 41,643 7.6%
Built between 1960 and 1969 38,349 8.9%
Built between 1970 and 1979 23,368 5.8%
Built between 1980 and 1989 16,104 11.8%
Built between 1990 and 1999 10,832 4.0%
Built between 2000 and 2009 27,352 4.6%
Built between 2010 and 2019 35,399 N/A
Built in 2020 or Later 674 N/A
Y-o-Y Change
Occupied Housing Units 310,104 7.6%
Owner Occupied 128,720 5.0%
Renter Occupied 181,384 9.5%
Owner Occupied 41.51%
Renter Occupied 58.49%
Y-o-Y Change
With Mortgage 97,763 5.5%
Without Mortgage 30,957 3.4%
Median Value with Mortgage $636,600 1.8%
Median Value without Mortgage $633,500 7.1%
Median Housing Costs per Month $1,856 4.9%
With Mortgage 75.95%
Without Mortgage 24.05%

What is the level of education in District of Columbia?

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Approximately 21.54% of the population in District of Columbia holds a high school degree (that's 120,195 residents), while 15.91% have attained a college certificate (74,761 locals) and 25.15% have a bachelor's degree (140,344 people).
Y-o-Y Change
No High School 16,352 -4.9%
Some High School 120,195 -9.4%
Some College 74,761 -4.0%
Associate Degree 15,502 -1.7%
Bachelor's Degree 140,344 -2.0%
Graduate Degree 176,917 1.1%
No High School 2.93%
Some High School 21.54%
Some College 15.91%
Associate Degree 2.78%
Bachelor's Degree 25.15%
Graduate Degree 31.7%

What is the marital status of District of Columbia residents?

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A total of 319,866 people in District of Columbia have never been married (which represents 55.76% of the total population), while 187,014 of them are wedded (32.6%). Separated and divorced residents are in smaller numbers, at 9,660 (1.68%) and 46,979 (8.19%), respectively.
Y-o-Y Change
Never Married 319,866 -5.2%
Married 187,014 2.1%
Separated 9,660 -11.8%
Widowed 19,819 -10.7%
Divorced 46,979 -4.0%
Never Married 55.76%
Married 32.6%
Separated 1.68%
Widowed 3.45%
Divorced 8.19%

What are the most common means of transportation in District of Columbia?

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The top three means of transportation people in District of Columbia use to get to work are: car, walking and bus or trolley bus. A total of 131,329 residents commute by car, 41,960 prefer going to work by walking and 37,212 by bus or trolley bus.
Y-o-Y Change
Car 131,329 -6.5%
Bus or TrolleyBus 37,212 -16.9%
Subway or Elevated 839 N/A
Railroad 424 -26.1%
Ferryboat 28 -20.0%
Bicycle 13,885 -13.3%
Motorcycle 485 -12.0%
TaxiCab 3,659 -5.7%
Walk 41,960 -11.3%

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest U.S. Census Bureau release, the 2021 American Community Survey. The information is updated yearly, as soon as new data is made available by the US Census Bureau.
No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information modified or aggregated for specific neighborhoods and/or zip codes.

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