California Demographics

Population - Employment - Households - Income / Financial - Housing - Education - Marital Status - Means of Transport to Work

What is the population of California?

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There are 39,455,353 residents in California, with a median age of 37. Of this, 49.97% are males and 50.03% are females. US-born citizens make up 72.05% of the resident pool in California, while non-US-born citizens account for 15.64%. Additionally, 12.31% of the population is represented by non-citizens.
A total of 34,356,459 people in California currently live in the same house as they did last year.
Y-o-Y Change
Total Population 39,455,353 0.3%
Male Population 19,714,044 0.8%
Female Population 19,741,309 -0.2%
Male population 49.97%
Female population 50.03%
Y-o-Y Change
Median Age 37 0.8%
Citizen US Born 28,427,590 0.4%
Citizen not US Born 6,168,936 1.2%
Not Citizen 4,858,827 -1.4%
Citizen US Born 72.05%
Citizen not US Born 15.64%
Not Citizen 12.31%
Y-o-Y Change
Moved from Abroad 256,275 -11.1%
Moved from Same County 2,859,781 -4.2%
Moved from Same State 1,090,774 1.2%
Moved from Different State 478,535 -2.8%
Same House as Last Year 34,356,459 0.8%
Moved from Abroad 0.66%
Moved from Same County 7.32%
Moved from Same State 2.79%
Moved from Different State 1.23%
Same House as Last Year 88%

What are the employment statistics in California?

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White-collar workers make up 79.24% of the working population in California, while blue-collar employees account for 20.76%. There are also 2,173,800 entrepreneurs in California (11.64% of the workforce); 12,565,241 workers employed in private companies (67.28%); and 2,639,017 people working in governmental institutions (14.13%).
Y-o-Y Change
White Collar 14,798,858 0.0%
Blue Collar 3,877,863 0.8%
White Collar 79.24%
Blue Collar 20.76%
Y-o-Y Change
Self Employees 2,173,800 -0.2%
Private Companies 12,565,241 -0.4%
Governmental Workers 2,639,017 1.7%
Not for Profit Companies 1,298,663 3.0%
Self Employees 11.64%
Private Companies 67.28%
Governmental Workers 14.13%
Not for Profit Companies 6.95%

How many households are there in California?

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There are a total of 13,217,586 households in California, each made up of around 3 members. Family establishments represent 68.55% of these California households, while non-family units account for the remaining 31.45%. Additionally, 33.76% of households have children and 66.24% of households are without children.
Y-o-Y Change
Total Households 13,217,586 0.9%
Average People Per Household 3 -0.7%
Family Households 9,060,746 0.8%
Non-family Households 4,156,840 1.0%
Family Households 68.55%
Non-family Households 31.45%
Y-o-Y Change
Households with Children 4,462,011 0.3%
Households without Children 8,755,575 1.2%
Households with Children 33.76%
Households without Children 66.24%

What are the median and average incomes in California?

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The average annual household income in California is $119,149, while the median household income sits at $84,097 per year. Residents aged 25 to 44 earn $90,138, while those between 45 and 64 years old have a median wage of $98,785. In contrast, people younger than 25 and those older than 65 earn less, at $44,205 and $60,832, respectively.
Y-o-Y Change
Average Household Income $119,149 6.7%
Median Household Income $84,097 6.9%
People below Poverty Level 4,675,885 -2.3%
People above Poverty Level 33,624,514 0.7%

How many homeowners and renters are there in California?

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There are 14,328,539 housing units in California, and the median year in which these properties were built is 1975. Of the 13,217,586 occupied housing units in California, 55.5% are owner-occupied, while 44.5% have renters living in them.
Meanwhile, properties bought with mortgages account for 69.19% of the units, and the median value of a home with a mortgage is $591,300. In general, housing costs reach $1,791 per month in California.
Y-o-Y Change
Housing Units 14,328,539 0.8%
Median Year Built 1975 0.0%
Built in 1939 or Earlier 1,287,956 0.3%
Built between 1940 and 1949 814,928 -0.9%
Built between 1950 and 1959 1,878,006 -0.6%
Built between 1960 and 1969 1,867,790 -0.7%
Built between 1970 and 1979 2,489,970 0.1%
Built between 1980 and 1989 2,149,034 0.4%
Built between 1990 and 1999 1,547,489 -0.9%
Built between 2000 and 2009 1,566,716 1.0%
Built between 2010 and 2019 705,742 N/A
Built in 2020 or Later 20,908 N/A
Y-o-Y Change
Occupied Housing Units 13,217,586 0.9%
Owner Occupied 7,335,247 1.3%
Renter Occupied 5,882,339 0.3%
Owner Occupied 55.5%
Renter Occupied 44.5%
Y-o-Y Change
With Mortgage 5,075,316 0.8%
Without Mortgage 2,259,931 2.5%
Median Value with Mortgage $591,300 6.1%
Median Value without Mortgage $524,200 6.9%
Median Housing Costs per Month $1,791 6.1%
With Mortgage 69.19%
Without Mortgage 30.81%

What is the level of education in California?

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Approximately 29.11% of the population in California holds a high school degree (that's 8,866,287 residents), while 22.94% have attained a college certificate (7,632,443 locals) and 20.54% have a bachelor's degree (6,258,029 people).
Y-o-Y Change
No High School 2,389,064 -1.1%
Some High School 8,866,287 0.2%
Some College 7,632,443 -0.8%
Associate Degree 2,335,406 0.7%
Bachelor's Degree 6,258,029 1.6%
Graduate Degree 3,626,143 3.0%
No High School 7.84%
Some High School 29.11%
Some College 22.94%
Associate Degree 7.67%
Bachelor's Degree 20.54%
Graduate Degree 11.9%

What is the marital status of California residents?

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A total of 11,970,157 people in California have never been married (which represents 37.39% of the total population), while 15,593,700 of them are wedded (48.71%). Separated and divorced residents are in smaller numbers, at 610,184 (1.91%) and 2,930,873 (9.16%), respectively.
Y-o-Y Change
Never Married 11,970,157 1.1%
Married 15,593,700 0.2%
Separated 610,184 -1.1%
Widowed 1,517,814 -3.0%
Divorced 2,930,873 -0.2%
Never Married 37.39%
Married 48.71%
Separated 1.91%
Widowed 4.74%
Divorced 9.16%

What are the most common means of transportation in California?

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The top three means of transportation people in California use to get to work are: car, bus or trolley bus and walking. A total of 14,580,124 residents commute by car, 466,980 prefer going to work by bus or trolley bus and 443,699 by walking.
Y-o-Y Change
Car 14,580,124 -2.6%
Bus or TrolleyBus 466,980 -11.1%
Subway or Elevated 66,495 N/A
Railroad 28,257 -4.0%
Ferryboat 11,913 -2.0%
Bicycle 139,957 -8.9%
Motorcycle 49,018 -7.4%
TaxiCab 38,418 4.9%
Walk 443,699 -4.0%

Methodology & Disclaimers


Demographic data shown in this section was gathered from the latest U.S. Census Bureau release, the 2021 American Community Survey. The information is updated yearly, as soon as new data is made available by the US Census Bureau.
No representation, guarantee or warranty is made as to the accuracy or completeness of information modified or aggregated for specific neighborhoods and/or zip codes.