Quebec is a Canadian province located in the eastern portion of the country and bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the west, Newfoundland and Labrador to the east, and New Brunswick to the southeast.
The province shares its southern border with the United States (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York). Quebec covers 1,542,056 square kilometres, about 11.5% of which is water in the form of lakes and rivers.
The province covers over 15% of the country, making it the second largest province in land area.
Quebec’s population is over 7 million people, and the province is the second most populated in the country.
Its capital is Quebec City, which is located in the southeastern portion of the province, along the St. Lawrence River.
Quebec is the only province to have a predominantly French-speaking population, and the influence of the French language can be seen in many place names throughout the province.
The province is known for its distinctive culture and cuisine, as well as its European-like style in some areas.
Quebec has a number of parks and nature preserves, which provide recreational opportunities such as hiking, fishing, camping, biking, and wildlife watching.
These include Forillon National Park, Voyageur Provincial Park, Parc marin du Saguenay–Saint-Laurent, Parc national de Frontenac, La Mauricie National Park, and Parc national d'Oka.
Nickname(s): "La Belle Province"
Area: 1,542,056 km2
Land: 1,356,366.78 km2
Urban: 5,268.22 km2
Quebec is a leader in the knowledge sector, which includes research and development, aerospace, information technology and software, and multimedia. The province has thousands of businesses in these fields, and this sector accounts for nearly one-third of Quebec’s economy. Companies such as Motorola, Ericsson, IBM, and Ubisoft operate in Quebec. More than half of Canada’s knowledge sector companies are found in the province, with the majority of them located in Montréal and Quebec City. Natural resources also play a role in the province’s economy, with mining of gold, copper, iron, zinc, titanium, asbestos, silver, magnesium, and nickel occurring throughout the province. Forestry products, such as lumber, pulp, and paper,are part of an important manufacturing industry, and the agri-food industry, which includes agriculture, fisheries, food manufacturing, beverages, tobacco, and food distribution, is also a large economic contributor.
In Quebec, provincial parks normally are called national parks. Most of these parks are found in the southern part of the province.
Historical sites in Quebec include The Citadelle of Quebec, located in Quebec City,which features the oldest military building in Canada; numerous forts (Fort Lennox, Fort Richelieu, Fort Crevier, and Fort Saint-Jean, for example), which were established by European settlers; a number of churches, such as Saint-Eustache Church; and small museums and preserved properties such as the Louis Bertrand House, which depicts the lifestyle of middle-class families in Quebec in the 19th century.
Arts and culture activities can be found throughout the province, but especially in the more populated southern area. The Musée de la civilisation features exhibits about the natural and social history of the province, while the Sherbrooke Nature and Science Museumfocuses on the natural world and the sciences.Quebec is home to the Orchestre Symphonique de Quebec, Le Ballet de Québec, and theOpéra de Québec. The Granby Zoo and theMusée national des beaux-arts du Québec are also popular spots. Festivals include the Just for Laughs Festival (comedy festival), the FestiBlues international de Montréal (blues festival), the Montréal International Festival of New Cinema and New Media, and the Quebec City Winter Carnival.
Montréal, with a population of over 1.7 million, is Quebec’s largest city. It is located in the southern area of the province, close to the Canada/ United States border. The city is home to many of the province’s largest companies, as well as numerous arts, cultural, and recreational activities/events. Quebec City has over 540,000 people and is located northeast of Montréal, along the St. Lawrence River. Laval, with over 420,000 people, is located very close to Montréal. There are over 270,000 people in Gatineau, which is located along the Ontario/Quebec border near the Ontario city of Ottawa. Longueuil, with over 240,000 people, is located next to Montréal.
The northern part of the province is less populated than the southern part is, so there are fewer real estate options in this section. Most single-family homes are in rural areas on very large properties.
In the central section of Quebec, single-family homes are quite affordable and are often on larger, more rural-style lots, with most including at least a single garage. Reasonably priced vacant lots and commercial spaces are also available in this part of the province.
Most of the province’s real estate can be found in the more populated cities in the south. Single-family homes in rural areas of this section are often on larger lots, and prices vary depending on whether the homes are older or newer builds. Single-family homes in the larger cities increase significantly in price and are often on smaller lots. Condos are also a popular option in the larger cities, and prices depend on location and size of the units. Commercial space is available in the cities, but also tends to be somewhat higher in cost than that found outside of them.
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Source: CREA's National Average Price Map for December 2016.
Public and private schools operate in Quebec, in either French or English, or both. The province’s education system is made up of four levels: elementary, secondary, college, and university. Public elementary and secondary schools are operated by school boards and are publicly funded.Many more children attend private schools in Quebec than they do anywhere else in the country.Most of the private schools have religious affiliations, such as Judaism or Christianity. College education is a bridge between secondary school and university in Quebec. Around 50 public colleges and 50 private colleges operate in the province. There are 18 universities in Quebec, including McGill University, Concordia University, and Bishop’s University (all of which are anglophone), as well as francophone universities such as École Polytechnique de Montréal, Université de Montréal, and Université Laval (the oldest university in the province).